A Showdown of Carbs
Good carb, bad carb – which is which? Get tips on how to make smarter carb decisions when you have diabetes.
Is eating an apple any better than having a slice of white bread? If it’s whole-grain, can I go all out? Carbohydrates are an important part of a healthy and balanced diet even for people who have diabetes. Don’t forget though that all carbohydrates raise blood glucose. Many foods contain them, but some are much healthier than others.
"Good" carbohydrates are rich in fibre and nutrients and low in fat. Fibre lowers the glycemic index of food (how quickly glucose is released into the bloodstream). "Bad" carbohydrates, on the other hand, have a high glycemic index. Not only do they raise your blood glucose quickly, they typically provide few nutrients and little fibre.
This table1,2 gives some examples to help you make healthier carb choices. The list is not exhaustive, so be sure to consult your healthcare professional if you have any questions.
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1 American Diabetes Association. Glycemic Index and Diabetes. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/understanding-carbohydrates/glycemic-index-and-diabetes.html Accessed May 25th, 2017.
2 Eat Right Ontario. Diabetes – these facts may surprise you! Available at: http://www.eatrightontario.ca/en/Articles/Diabetes-Prevention/Diabetes-–-these-facts-may-surprise-you!.aspx#fruit Accessed May 25th, 2017.