A Showdown of Carbs
Good carb, bad carb – which is which? Get tips on how to make smarter carb decisions when you have diabetes.
Is eating an apple any better than having a slice of white bread? If it’s whole grain, can I go all out? Carbohydrates are an important part of a healthy and balanced diet even for people who have diabetes. Don’t forget, though, that all carbohydrates raise blood glucose. Many foods contain them, but some are much healthier than others.
Carbohydrates are not necessarily “good” or “bad.” When it comes to choosing between different carbohydrates, it is better to choose those that have a lower glycemic index to help control blood sugar. Foods with a high glycemic index increase blood sugar higher and faster than foods with a low glycemic index. In addition to having a lower glycemic index, try to choose carbs that also contain fibre, other nutrients, and healthy fats.
Click here for Tips on Basic Carbohydrate Counting1
This table2,3 gives some examples to help you make healthier carb choices. The list is not exhaustive, so be sure to consult your healthcare professional if you have any questions.
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1 Diabetes Canada. (2018, April). Basic Carbohydrate Counting. Retrieved March, 2021, from https://guidelines.diabetes.ca/docs/patient-resources/basic-carbohydrate-counting.pdf
2 American Diabetes Association®. (n.d.). Carb Counting and Diabetes. Retrieved March, 2021, from https://www.diabetes.org/healthy-living/recipes-nutrition/understanding-carbs/carb-counting-and-diabetes
3 Diabetes Canada. (2021, March). The glycemic index (GI). Retrieved March, 2021, from https://www.diabetes.ca/managing-my-diabetes/tools---resources/the-glycemic-index-(gi)